Lacan, Ramadan, Cartography of Education..

29 May 2013

Three more diverse articles addressing aspects of heterotopia, with links to publisher or pdf .

Saari, A.  (2012) ‘The Map is the Territory: educational evaluation and the topology of power’, European Educational Research Journal, 11(4), 586-600.

Abstract: In recent years there has been a global call for more scientific knowledge about education as a basis of governance. This means that exact descriptions of the reality of schooling should inform decisions about what works in education. In this article, evaluation and testing are analysed as cartography, the art of mapping educational spaces, which both creates and confuses our sense of educational reality. By using elements from cultural studies of cartography as well as sociology and the philosophy of science, this article claims that the analogy of cartography and evaluation can open novel vistas for contemplating the relationship between the world of education and its scientific representation. As a case in point, the article uses the construction of Finnish comprehensive basic school reform and the evaluation system pertaining to it. The analysis shows how evaluation as the mapping of the reality of education brings distant objects near, onto a homogeneous, stable plane. It also makes certain things visible while leaving others out of sight. Furthermore, evaluation as cartography is not only passive representation; it actually creates new spaces. In this way, evaluation practices can profoundly affect how we think and act upon schooling.


Karaosmanoglu, D.  (2010) ‘Nostalgia Spaces of Consumption and Heterotopia: Ramadan Festivities in Istanbul’ Culture Unbound, 2 283-302.

download pdf: Karaosmanoglu

Abstract: Contemporary city cultures are often defined in relation to the processes of late capitalism and commodification. Today, in various parts of the world, the previously dominant industrial cities have been replaced by cities of consumption (Urry 1995: 123). Cities are treated as sites for representation, masquerade and sociability (Featherstone and Lash 1999: 3). National and religious celebrations and culinary festivals are parts of the dynamism of city life where nostalgia becomes a marketing strategy. This article looks at the nostalgia industry in the contemporary city of Istanbul in connection to the Ramadan festivities and iftar tables as everyday spaces of spectacle and consumption. It examines the ways in which  the Ramadan space is articulated in everyday practices not only as a site of spectacle formed by both global and local discourses, but also as a form of sociability  that brings people together.

Keywords: Ramadan festivities, nostalgia spaces, Istanbul, spaces of consumption, spaces of sociability


Voela, A. (2011) ‘Heterotopia revisited: Foucault and Lacan on feminine subjectivitySubjectivity 4 168-182.

Abstract: In the past women were able to resort to crisis heterotopias, places suitable for re-examining femininity as an object of desire and for fashioning new forms of subjectivity. Are there such places today, when women are generally considered to be emancipated and seem to have unrestricted access to all kinds of ‘places of their own’? This article explores the psychoanalytic and genealogical conditions necessary for fashioning new forms of subjectivity where women find themselves in a heterotopic place. It brings together the Foucauldian notion of the heterotopia – both as linguistic locus and material place – and the psychoanalytic notions of the traversal of the fantasy and the drive, emphasising the ways in which women produce new subjectivities via the exploration of their identity.